The Kremlin, Red Square and the Kitay-Gorod tour

The Kremlin is a historic and spiritual heart not only of  Moscow but of  the whole country. All Russian history, its tragedies and triumphs are associated with this medieval fortress – the Kremlin. It is a mixture of  European and Asiatic splendor, with the elegance of  Italian Renaissance and brightness and  brilliance of  Byzantium.

Inside the ancient walls of the Kremlin you will see the largest bell in the World - the Tsar-Bell, the largest cannon in the World – the Tsar-Cannon, the 15th century cathedrals of the Kremlin, among them The Assumption Cathedral where all ceremonies of coronation of Russian tsars and emperors and solemn acts of the country took place; the Archangel Michael Cathedral which is the burial place of Moscow grand princes and Russian tsars; the Annunciation Cathedral which was a domestic church of the grand princes and tsars. The Cathedrals are still decorated with marvelous murals from inside and contain ancient icons. 

There are also two museums inside the Kremlin which you can visit. The first museum is the Armory Chamber; it displays the tsars ‘coronation dresses, state regalia, royal carriages, ceremonial armory and weapons, the Faberge Easter eggs.

When the Kremlin tour is over you will go to Red Square, which has always been a place of political, religious and cultural significance. This is where “the Sacred War” Victory Day parades are annually held. On Red Square you will see towers and wall of the Kremlin, the most famous church of Russia - St Basil’s Cathedral, which colorful look was compared to the scales of a golden fish, the monument to Russian heroes Minin and Pozharsky, the Lenin Mausoleum, the State Historical Museum. You will also enjoy magnificent architecture of the GUM Department Store; its interiors are absolutely great.

To the east of Red Square lies an old quarter of Kitay-Gorod, inhabited since 13th century. It has been a trade and financial center of the city and it still keeps a surprising number of old religious and civil buildings remain. You will walk along medieval streets such as Nikolskaya, Ilinka, Varvarka. In Nikolskaya Street you will see the Monastery of St. Nicholas, after whom the street got its name. You will catch sight of the Synodal Printing House, which is one of the most beautiful buildings of the city. – On the way to the parallel Ilinka street you will enjoy picturesque cathedral of the 13th century Monastery of the Epiphany. Ilinka has been the financial heart of Moscow, so you will see a former stock Exchange building which is Moscow’s Chamber of Commerce now, the Ministry of Finance, a lot of banks with palatial look. 

Next parallel Varvarka Street is named after a church of St.Barbara, which is well-preserved there. The street should be carefully explored for it is called a museum under open sky for it is a mix of colorful churches of the 16th-17th centuries and civil structures of old Russia. You will see the Romanov House, later part of the Monastery of the Sign. The Monastery itsef was established in the 17th century by Tsar Mikhail Romanov, the founder of Russian’s great ruling family. Among the oldest civil buildings preserved outside the Kremlin – the English Court – where the residence of England’s first ambassadors to Russia was. It was restored to coincide with the state visit of Queen Elizabeth II in 1994.  

The excursion is organized by preliminary application:

- by phone (495)923-60-02

- email: info@yavmoskve.su

- in our page on Instagram: @ayavmoskve


                                                           We wish you to have a great time during your trip!

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The duration of excursion is 6 hours.
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Moscow one-day tour: The Kremlin, Red Square and the Kitay-Gorod tour10 200from 11 2003700